Alpaca vs. Cashmere? What are the differences?
Alpaca Is Much More Rare
Is it a camel? Is it a Llama? It could be that it’s an Alpaca. Unlike Kashmir goats, alpacas are a slender-bodied animal that look like the smaller cousin of both llamas and camels. They come from South America, but you can find alpaca farms throughout the world.
Interestingly, in spite of cashmere’s expensive price tag, alpaca is actually the rarer fabric. We can thank the popularity of cashmere with consumers for that. Due to the increased demand, the population of Kashmir goats has gone up dramatically. In 2015, Mongolia alone had 23.6 million goats. Alpacas, however, have an estimated global population of 3.5 million, Bolivia and Peru holding 87% of the population.
Incas have been using alpaca fur for centuries, but alpaca wool is not yet well known throughout the rest of the world. It is only now gaining momentum because of attention given that high end designers are currently advocating for alpaca over cashmere since it’s a more sustainable option.
High Quality Cashmere Garments Are More Expensive
Depending on the quality of the cashmere, a single garment could cost a couple hundred or thousands of dollars so get your wallet ready! Right now, cashmere is a premium fabric.
With Alpaca being far less mainstream, demand hasn’t yet pushed prices up as high as the highest quality cashmere. You will however find Alpaca for similar or higher prices than some mid-range Cashmere fabrics.
With so much lower quality Cashmere being brought to market at a low cost, Alpaca will almost certainly be more expensive than high volume Cashmere garments with lower quality fibers and Cashmere blends.
Alpaca therefore presents an opportunity to get your hands on a luxurious feeling fabric without the expense of 100% high grade Cashmere.
At YAPA we use 100% Baby Alpaca wool for all your alpaca sweaters and accessories.
Alpaca Is More Durable
You have to also consider pilling. You know that horrible feeling when you discover your favorite sweater has bobbles all over it? Pilling happens when shorter fibers become entangled in one another. low quality cashmere that is less than 4 cm long will certainly pill if met with enough friction. Alpaca fibers are between 8-12 cm long, meaning pilling is far less prevalent.
Basically, high-end cashmere and alpaca wool are equally strong and durable. But, low quality cashmere can’t compete against alpaca.
Cashmere Is Less Sustainable
If you have environmental concerns then you may decide your next garment purchase is made from alpaca. Cashmere is produced from goats who are bred in massive quantities for their cashmere fibers, and that means that hundreds of thousands of acres of land are being developed to make room for them.
Meanwhile, alpacas are free to roam their natural landscape. Their padded feet don't cause damage to the habitat and they cut the grass when they eat, rarely taking the roots, producing less CO2.
Less resources are needed to raise alpaca. They also produce far more wool than Kashmir goats. In fact, a single alpaca can produce enough wool for 4-5 sweaters, while four Kashmir goats are required for a single 100 percent cashmere garment.
Also, alpaca is available in 25 natural variations of color. Cashmere wool is limited to three natural colors and must be dyed.
Alpaca Offers Better Insulation
When you buy for your winter wardrobe what guides your purchasing decisions?
If warmth is what you are looking for then Alpaca is your choice. There is also a biological difference between cashmere wool and alpaca. Alpaca fibers have a hollow core that traps air inside. When that happens, the fibers heat up rapidly and hold onto the heat for longer. Those microscopic air pockets also make alpaca more breathable than cashmere, so you stay comfortable.
Cashmere is also insulating and breathable, but it doesn't have this structure and cannot insulate as much as alpaca can.
Which Should You Choose? Alpaca or Cashmere?
While it will always remain that cashmere is soft, luxurious, and hypoallergenic, especially 100 percent cashmere, we cannot overlook just how fabulous alpaca truly is. Both materials are durable, insulating, warm, and comfortable. That said, if you’re looking for something that looks and feels amazing without the impact on the environment, choose alpaca.
Alpaca is soft, luxurious, insulates better than Cashmere and a more sustainable option than all grades of cashmere, and you know you are always getting wonderful quality with low quality blends of Alpaca not currently available.
When choosing cashmere, opt for higher end, without any synthetic blending. Also, it is possible to find sustainably sourced cashmere. You may just need to look that bit harder! Don't forget to care for your cashmere so they last a long time.
Either way, you're getting a wonderful material that will stand the test of time in fashion and durability if cared for correctly, especially if kept protected from moths!